|H. P. Lovecraft|
Date of Birth
August 20, 1890
Providence, Rhode Island, USA
Date of Death
March 15, 1937
Providence, Rhode Island, USA
"The most merciful thing in the world... is the inability of the human mind to correlate all its contents."Howard Phillips Lovecraft (August 20, 1890 - March 15, 1937) was an American writer born in Providence, Rhode Island. His works cover the genres of horror, fantasy and science fiction. During the course of his life he didn't achieve fame, but his works were recognised mainly among his friends who, after his death, published many of his works.
Early life: Edit
Lovecraft was born August 20, 1890. His father, Winfield Scott Lovecraft, was a travelling salesman; his mother Sarah Susan Phillips Lovecraft was from a family whose ancestors can be traced to the first colonists in America. During his trip to Chicago, his father had a psychotic brake and was committed into a Butler Hospital in Providence. He would die from syphilis in 1898.
Because of his father's death, his mother (nicknamed Susie) and his grandfather Whipple Van Buren Phillips mainly took the responsibility of raising young Howard. It soon became clear that he was very gifted and intelligent; he would recite poems at the age of two, and write his first ones at the age of six. At the very young age he read classics like Odyssey, Iliad and One Thousand and One Nights. His grandfather also acquired him short stories of "gothic horror"; his mother was concerned that it might cause trauma for the young boy.
As a young boy he was often sick and didn't attend school up until the age of eight; after only a year he was retired but would later return. He had a fascination with writing and chemistry, spending much time studying both.
His family unfortunately wasn't very happy, and the series of many bad financial decisions of his grandfather (he died in led the family to move out of their old family house. They now lived in a much smaller house, this left a huge effect on Lovecraft and he would even think about suicide. This would eventually result in him suffering a mental breakdown; because of this he was never able to finish high school.
After that he experimented with essays and poetry, only to return to fiction with his short stories "The Tomb" and "Dagon". "Dagon" achieved his first success and was published in the magazine The Weird Tales in 1923. He also at that time developed a large connection of many corespondents such as: Robert Bloch, Forrest J. Ackerman and Robert E. Howard.
New shock would hit Lovecraft after his mother, after problems with hysterics and depression, was committed into the same institution as his father. He remained very close to her up until her death in 1921.
Soon after his mother's death, Lovecraft would meet Sonia Haft Greene. The two soon fell in love and Lovecraft was blossoming in love, declaring his love to Sonia and the two soon got married. They moved to Brooklyn (New York), but soon faced many difficulties. Sonia soon lost her job and Lovecraft was unable to find any. It seems he at that time developed certain racist sentiment. He soon believed in the superiority of Anglo-Saxon culture and had very bad feeling towards African Americans, Latino Americans and Italians.
Sonia managed to find a job in Cincinnati, but Lovecraft didn't follow her. She would then move across the USA, while simultaneously financing Lovecraft. The two would eventually divorce and Lovecraft moved back to his aunts in Providence.
Return to Providence: Edit
During his time in Providence he would return to writing, making the best of his works. Unfortunately he became increasingly poorer. He was forced to move from place to place and was not able to earn a living from his works. In the early 1937, he was diagnosed with cancer of the small intestine. He died in March that year.
Pop culture: Edit
Lovecraft is considered as one of the greatest writers of 20th century horror. In the past few decades he has gained great recognition and his works inspired many authors (such as Stephen King) and many other game developers.
List of Works: Edit
|1||"The Tomb"||Jun 1917||Mar 1922||Short story|
|2||"Dagon"||Jul 1917||Nov 1919||Short story|
|3||"A Reminiscence of Dr. Samuel Johnson"||Sum-early Fall 1917||Sep 1917||Short story|
|4||"Polaris"||Spr-Sum 1918||Dec 1920||Short story|
|5||"Beyond the Wall of Sleep"||Spr 1919||Oct 1919||Short story|
|6||"Memory"||Spr 1919||May 1923||Flash fiction|
|7||"Old Bugs"||c.Jul 1919||1959||Short story|
|8||"The Transition of Juan Romero"||16 September 1919||1944||Short story|
|9||"The White Ship"||c.Oct 1919||Nov 1919||Short story|
|10||"The Doom that Came to Sarnath"||3 December 1919||Jun 1920||Short story|
|11||"The Statement of Randolph Carter"||Dec 1919||May 1920||Short story|
|12||"The Street"||late 1919||Dec 1920||Short story|
|13||"The Terrible Old Man"||28 January 1920||Jul 1921||Short story|
|14||"The Cats of Ulthar"||15 June 1920||Nov 1920||Short story|
|15||"The Tree"||Jan-Jun 1920||Oct 1921||Short story|
|16||"Celephaïs"||early Nov 1920||May 1922||Short story|
|17||"From Beyond"||16 November 1920||Jun 1934||Short story|
|18||"The Temple"||c. Jun-Nov 1920||Sep 1925||Short story|
|19||"Nyarlathotep"||c.Nov 1920||Nov 1920||Short story|
|20||"The Picture in the House"||12 December 1920||Sum 1921||Short story|
|21||"Facts Concerning the Late Arthur Jermyn and His Family"||Fall 1920||Mar & Jun 1921 as "The White Ape"||Short story|
|22||"The Nameless City"||Jan 1921||Nov 1921||Short story|
|23||"The Quest of Iranon"||28 February 1921||Jul-Aug 1935||Short story|
|24||"The Moon-Bog"||March 10, 1921||Jun 1926||Short story|
|25||"Ex Oblivione"||1920 – Mar 1921 (unclear)||Mar 1921||Short story|
|26||"The Other Gods"||14 August 1921||Nov 1933||Short story|
|27||"The Outsider"||Spr-Sum 1921||Apr 1926||Short story|
|28||"The Music of Erich Zann"||Dec 1921||Mar 1922||Short story|
|29||"Sweet Ermengarde"||c. 1919–21?||1943||Short story|
|30||"Hypnos"||Mar 1922||May 1923||Short story|
|31||"What the Moon Brings"||5 June 1922||May 1923||Short story|
|32||"Azathoth"||Fragment Jun 1922||Jun 1938||Novel fragment|
|33||"Herbert West–Reanimator"||Oct 1921 – Jun 1922||Feb-Jul 1922||Short story|
|34||"The Hound"||Oct 1922||Feb 1924||Short story|
|35||"The Lurking Fear"||Nov 1922||Jan-Apr 1923||Short story|
|36||"The Rats in the Walls"||Aug-Sep 1923||Mar 1924||Short story|
|37||"The Unnamable"||Sep 1923||Jul 1925||Short story|
|38||"The Festival"||Oct 1923||Jan 1925||Short story|
|39||"The Shunned House"||Oct 1924||Oct 1937||Short story|
|40||"The Horror at Red Hook"||1-2 Aug 1925||Jan 1927||Short story|
|41||"He"||11 August 1925||Sep 1926||Short story|
|42||"In the Vault"||18 September 1925||Nov 1925||Short story|
|43||"Cool Air"||Feb 1926||Mar 1928||Short story|
|44||"The Call of Cthulhu"||Aug-Sep 1926||Feb 1928||Short story|
|45||"Pickman's Model"||Sep 1926||Oct 1927||Short story|
|46||"The Strange High House in the Mist"||9 November 1926||Oct 1931||Short story|
|47||"The Silver Key"||Nov 1926||Jan 1929||Short story|
|48||The Dream-Quest of Unknown Kadath||Oct 1926-22 Jan 1927||1943||Novella|
|49||The Case of Charles Dexter Ward||Jan-Mar 1, 1927||May & Jul 1941||Novel|
|50||"The Colour Out of Space"||Mar 1927||Sep 1927||Short story|
|51||"The Descendant"||Fragment early 1927||1938||Short story fragment|
|52||"The Very Old Folk"||3 November 1927||Sum 1940||Letter excerpt|
|53||"History of the Necronomicon"||sketch Fall 1927||1938||Brief pseudo-history|
|54||"The Dunwich Horror"||Aug 1928||Apr 1929||Short story|
|55||"Ibid"||Sum 1928||Jan 1938||Short story|
|56||The Whisperer in Darkness||24 Feb-Sep 26, 1930||Aug 1931||Novella|
|57||At the Mountains of Madness||24 Feb-Mar 22, 1931||Feb-Apr 1936||Novella|
|58||The Shadow over Innsmouth||Nov-Dec 1931||Apr 1936||Novella|
|59||"The Dreams in the Witch House"||Feb 1932||Jul 1933||Short story|
|60||"The Thing on the Doorstep"||21-24 Aug 1933||Jan 1937||Short story|
|61||"The Book"||Fragment c.Oct 1933||1938||Short story fragment|
|62||"The Evil Clergyman"||Letter extract Fall 1933||Apr 1939||Letter excerpt|
|63||The Shadow Out of Time||10 Nov 1934- February 22, 1935||Jun 1936||Novella|
|64||"The Haunter of the Dark"||5-9 Nov 1935||Dec 1936||Short story|
"The most merciful thing in the world... is the inability of the human mind to correlate all its contents."
"The world is indeed comic, but the joke is on mankind."
"If religion were true, its followers would not try to bludgeon their young into an artificial conformity; but would merely insist on their unbending quest for truth, irrespective of artificial backgrounds or practical consequences."
"Life is a hideous thing, and from the background behind what we know of it peer daemoniacal hints of truth which make it sometimes a thousandfold more hideous."
"But more wonderful than the lore of old men and the lore of books is the secret lore of ocean."